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Politics
Author: Bruce M. Stave
ISBN: 0822984210
Subcategory: Politics & Government
Pages 272 pages
Publisher University of Pittsburgh Press; 1 edition (June 15, 1970)
Language English
Category: Politics
Rating: 4.3
Votes: 760
ePUB size: 1622 kb
FB2 size: 1745 kb
DJVU size: 1406 kb
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eBook The New Deal and the Last Hurrah: Pittsburgh Machine Politics download

by Bruce M. Stave


Stave, Bruce M. Publication date. University of Pittsburgh Press.

Stave, Bruce M. inlibrary; printdisabled; ; china. China-America Digital Academic Library (CADAL). Books for People with Print Disabilities. Internet Archive Books. Uploaded by Lotu Tii on July 31, 2015. SIMILAR ITEMS (based on metadata). Terms of Service (last updated 12/31/2014).

In studying the effect of New Deal on urban political machines, Bruce M. Stave challenges the traditional view of. . Stave challenges the traditional view of declining bossism in America from the 1930s through the 1950s. Using Pittsburgh as his case study, he demonstrates how political power was transferred from a once-invincible Republican machine to the Democratic Party led by David L. Lawrence. Stave traces the In studying the effect of New Deal on urban political machines, Bruce M.

Published 1970 by University of Pittsburgh Press in . Written in English. Politics and government, New Deal, 1933-1939. Includes bibliographical references.

Bruce Martin Stave, American history educator. Fulbright professor, India, 1968-1969, Australia, New Zealand and the Philippines, 1977, Peoples Republic of China, 1984-1985; National Endowment of the Humanities fellow, 1974, grantee, 1981-1983. Making Urban History: Historiography Oral History. 08687/?tag prabook0b-20. The New Deal and the last hurrah; Pittsburgh machine politics )

Working Papers Journal Articles Books and Chapters Software Components. JEL codes New Economics Papers.

Working Papers Journal Articles Books and Chapters Software Components. The RePEc blog The RePEc plagiarism page. The New Deal and the Last Hurrah: Pittsburgh Machine Politics.

Bruce M. Stave, The New Deal and the Last Hurrah: Pittsburgh Machine Politics (Pittsburgh, 1970). John M. Allswang, The New Deal and American Politics: A Study in Political Change (New York, 1978), pp. 68–87

Bruce M. 68–87. Charles H. Trout, Boston, the Great Depression and the New Deal (New York, 1977). Sidney M. Milkis, "Franklin D. Roosevelt and the Transcendence of Partisan Politics", Political Science Quarterly, 100, 3 (Fall, 1985): 492-99. A. James Reichley, The Life of the Parties: A History of American Political Parties (New York, 1992), pp. 258–62.

The New Deal and the Last Hurrah: Pittsburgh Machine Politics. Use of voting machines for the nomination of candidates by state party conventions in lndinna thwarts boar rule. Joe Lane of Oregon: Machine Politics and the Sectional Crisis, 1849–1861.

In studying the effect of New Deal on urban political machines, Bruce M. Stave challenges the traditional view of declining bossism in America from the 1930s through the 1950s. Using Pittsburgh as his case study, he demonstrates how political power was transferred from a once-invincible Republican machine to the Democratic Party led by David L. Lawrence. Stave traces the consolidation of patronage control and grassroots voting support with a special emphasis on the interplay between politics and federal work relief during the depression decade.
Weernis
The author interviewed 103 Pittsburgh political party committee people or their relatives who served during the New Deal. This period was the "last hurrah" for Pittsburgh Republicans and the "first hurrah" for Pittsburgh Democrats as they too political control from the Republicans during this era.

Richard Croker, New York's Tammany boss, stated the divisions of political power called for one boss able to handle problems that business leader could approach.

Pittsburgh machine politics allowed middle class groups to gain participation in politics. Otherwise, political may have continued to be dominated by people from higher classes, according to Samuel P. Hays.

Irish in Pittsburgh, facing many employers who refused to hire Irish, discovered that politics was an avenue open to them. Pittsburgh machine politics had a huge Irish membership.

Robert K. Merton, a sociologist, observed that machine politics humanized government bureaucracy for many people. Machine politics lasted as long as the public appreciated these services over the moral failings in the operations of the political machines.

Machine politics meant employment for many. Committee people were supposed to know the voters in their election divisions and to try to help those who needed help. In return, residents voted according to the committee people's recommendations.

A study by Phillip Cutright published in 1964 comparing party committee people in partisan places versus party committee people in nonpartisan places, found, in the partisan community, 32% had patronage jobs, 41% had been approached by others inquiring about patronage jobs, and 37% campaigned door to door before primary elections. In the nonpartisan community, 3% held patronage jobs, 1% received inquires about patronage jobs, and 13% campaigned door to door before primary elections.

The New Deal made Democrats more popular with voters. Many urban areas switched to solid Democratic majority voting.

Tommy Steele led the Pittsburgh Republican machine beginning in 1863. Steele's nephew, Christopher Magee took over after Steele. Magee along with William Flinn dominated Pittsburgh politics until 1905.

George Guthrie was elected Pittsburgh Mayor as a fusion candidate that included support from Democrats. Republicans held the Mayor's office for 20 years afterwards.

Allegheny County Commissioner Charles McGovern was a reform Republican. In 1927, the Republican machine dumped McGovern but he was reelected as an Independent to the seat reserved for a minority party member.

Allegations that city contracts were not being given to the lowest bidder were made against the Director of Supplies. He was convicted. A reform movement gained ground.

Pittsburgh Democratic leaders sometimes worked with Magee, sometimes to defeat Republican candidates Magee disliked. Democrats, in return, received about one fifth of the patronage jobs.

The Democratic organization changed during the New Deal when it saw it could win elections. Gains in voting Democratic were particularly noticeable among African American voters. Republican leader had withheld patronage jobs from Black while Democratic leader David Lawrence made it happen.

In 1940, 51.1% of Pittsburgh residents were of foreign stock, a decrease from 62.2% in 1910 and 56.7% in 1920.

In 1932, voter fraud charges were made against Republican leader State Sen. James Coyne and other Republicans. Over 13,000 suspected fraudulent voters were alleged. Even a statute was found to be a registered voter.

Republicans were against planning and spending money on jobs programs at a time the New Deal was delivering jobs and the public wanted jobs. It was alleged that employees on Federal relief were required to contribute 3% (if earning under $1,200 year) or 5% (if earning over $1,200 a year) to the Democratic Party.

Democrats overtook Republicans in number of registered voters in Pittsburgh in 1936.

In 1930, public jobs were held by 58% of Philadelphia Democratic committee people. In 1928, 59.2% of Chicago Democratic committee people held public jobs which increased to about three fourths holding public jobs in 1936. These were signs nationwide that New Deal jobs were going to politically connected Democrats.

The author studied 103 Pittsburgh New Deal committee people, about one fourth of the total, and found one third were on work relief during the New Deal with 99 serving with the Works Progress Administration.

The author found 7.2% of Pittsburgh Democratic committee people held committee jobs in 1927, 19,2% in 1932, and just under half in 1940.
Gerceytone
The author interviewed 103 Pittsburgh political party committee people or their relatives who served during the New Deal. This period was the "last hurrah" for Pittsburgh Republicans and the "first hurrah" for Pittsburgh Democrats as they too political control from the Republicans during this era.

Richard Croker, New York's Tammany boss, stated the divisions of political power called for one boss able to handle problems that business leader could approach.

Pittsburgh machine politics allowed middle class groups to gain participation in politics. Otherwise, political may have continued to be dominated by people from higher classes, according to Samuel P. Hays.

Irish in Pittsburgh, facing many employers who refused to hire Irish, discovered that politics was an avenue open to them. Pittsburgh machine politics had a huge Irish membership.

Robert K. Merton, a sociologist, observed that machine politics humanized government bureaucracy for many people. Machine politics lasted as long as the public appreciated these services over the moral failings in the operations of the political machines.

Machine politics meant employment for many. Committee people were supposed to know the voters in their election divisions and to try to help those who needed help. In return, residents voted according to the committee people's recommendations.

A study by Phillip Cutright published in 1964 comparing party committee people in partisan places versus party committee people in nonpartisan places, found, in the partisan community, 32% had patronage jobs, 41% had been approached by others inquiring about patronage jobs, and 37% campaigned door to door before primary elections. In the nonpartisan community, 3% held patronage jobs, 1% received inquires about patronage jobs, and 13% campaigned door to door before primary elections.

The New Deal made Democrats more popular with voters. Many urban areas switched to solid Democratic majority voting.

Tommy Steele led the Pittsburgh Republican machine beginning in 1863. Steele's nephew, Christopher Magee took over after Steele. Magee along with William Flinn dominated Pittsburgh politics until 1905.

George Guthrie was elected Pittsburgh Mayor as a fusion candidate that included support from Democrats. Republicans held the Mayor's office for 20 years afterwards.

Allegheny County Commissioner Charles McGovern was a reform Republican. In 1927, the Republican machine dumped McGovern but he was reelected as an Independent to the seat reserved for a minority party member.

Allegations that city contracts were not being given to the lowest bidder were made against the Director of Supplies. He was convicted. A reform movement gained ground.

Pittsburgh Democratic leaders sometimes worked with Magee, sometimes to defeat Republican candidates Magee disliked. Democrats, in return, received about one fifth of the patronage jobs.

The Democratic organization changed during the New Deal when it saw it could win elections. Gains in voting Democratic were particularly noticeable among African American voters. Republican leader had withheld patronage jobs from Black while Democratic leader David Lawrence made it happen.

In 1940, 51.1% of Pittsburgh residents were of foreign stock, a decrease from 62.2% in 1910 and 56.7% in 1920.

In 1932, voter fraud charges were made against Republican leader State Sen. James Coyne and other Republicans. Over 13,000 suspected fraudulent voters were alleged. Even a statute was found to be a registered voter.

Republicans were against planning and spending money on jobs programs at a time the New Deal was delivering jobs and the public wanted jobs. It was alleged that employees on Federal relief were required to contribute 3% (if earning under $1,200 year) or 5% (if earning over $1,200 a year) to the Democratic Party.

Democrats overtook Republicans in number of registered voters in Pittsburgh in 1936.

In 1930, public jobs were held by 58% of Philadelphia Democratic committee people. In 1928, 59.2% of Chicago Democratic committee people held public jobs which increased to about three fourths holding public jobs in 1936. These were signs nationwide that New Deal jobs were going to politically connected Democrats.

The author studied 103 Pittsburgh New Deal committee people, about one fourth of the total, and found one third were on work relief during the New Deal with 99 serving with the Works Progress Administration.

The author found 7.2% of Pittsburgh Democratic committee people held committee jobs in 1927, 19,2% in 1932, and just under half in 1940.