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eBook The CHAIRMAN: JOHN J MCCLOY & THE MAKING OF THE AMERICAN ESTABLISHMENT download
History
Author: Kai Bird
ISBN: 0671454153
Subcategory: Americas
Pages 800 pages
Publisher Simon & Schuster (April 30, 1992)
Language English
Category: History
Rating: 4.8
Votes: 914
ePUB size: 1911 kb
FB2 size: 1720 kb
DJVU size: 1131 kb
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eBook The CHAIRMAN: JOHN J MCCLOY & THE MAKING OF THE AMERICAN ESTABLISHMENT download

by Kai Bird


Kai Bird is the co-author with Martin J. Sherwin of the Pulitzer Prize-winning biography, American Prometheus: The Triumph and Tragedy of J. Robert Oppenheimer (2005), which also won the National Book Critics Circle Award for Biography.

Kai Bird is the co-author with Martin J. His other books include The Chairman: John J. McCloy, the Making of the American Establishment (1992) and The Color of Truth: McGeorge Bundy & William Bundy, Brothers in Arms (1998). Bird’s many honors include fellowships from the Guggenheim Foundation, the MacArthur Foundation, the German Marshall Fund, and the Rockefeller Foundation.

McCloy, John J. (John Jay), 1895-1989, Statesmen. New York : Simon & Schuster.

Bird brilliantly explores how McCloy came to epitomize the American Establishment and the values of a. .

Bird brilliantly explores how McCloy came to epitomize the American Establishment and the values of a generation that led the United States through bitter war and unparalleled prosperity. In The Chairman, the authoritative biography of John J. McCloy, Pulitzer Prize-winning author Kai Bird chronicles the life of the man labeled the most influential private citizen in America. Against the backgrounds of World War II, the Cold War, the construction of Pax Americana, the Cuban missile crisis, the Kennedy assassination, and Vietnam, Bird shows us McCloy’s astonishing rise from self-described chore boy to chairman of the Establishment.

The first complete biography of the ultimate self-made American aristocrat, John J. McCloy-the poor boy who climbed the heights of Wall Street, counseled presidents, and reached the very citadel of diplomacy and business. Bird brings energy and intelligence to the examination of McCloy's life, a tale of ambition and accomplishment.

In The Chairman, the authoritative biography of John J. McCloy, Pulitzer Prize-winning author Kai Bird . Bird brilliantly explores how McCloy came to epitomize the American Establishment and the values of a generation that led the United States through bitter war and unparalleled prosperity. McCloy-the poor boy who climbed the heights of Wall . Ever wonder who was the chair of the "establishment" for a good part of the 20th Century. It was clearly John McCloy. McCloy-the poor boy who climbed the heights of Wall Street, counseled. Here's a short bio: grew up poor; graduated from Harvard Law School; became a partner at Cravath; was Under-Secretary of Defense (under Stimson) for FDR - basically the number two guy (and the go-to-guy) in the War Department in WWII; was behind many good and bad decisions like internment of the Japanese (supported) and dropping of the atom.

In a 1962 spoof for Esquire, Richard Rovere quoted John Kenneth Galbraith as deeming John J. McCloy ""chairman of the US Establishment""-but McCloy has never been the subject of a full-dress biography. An ambitious, industrious overachiever who made his way from the wrong side of the tracks in Philadelphia through Amherst and Harvard Law School to international eminence, McCloy was notable more for analytic acuity than great brilliance. The upwardly mobile attorney nonetheless left his mark wherever he went. During WW II, for example, the globe-trotting McCloy was Henry Stimson's top aide at the War Department.

John Jay McCloy (1895-1989) was a lawyer and banker who served as Assistant Secretary of War during World War II, president of the World Bank and . High Commissioner for Germany. He later became a prominent United States presidential advisor, served on the Warren Commission, and was a member of the foreign policy establishment group of elders called "The Wise Men" ISBN: 0671454153 (McCloy, John . Statesmen).

John McCloy was Assistant Secretary of War during World War II, and in 1947became .

John McCloy was Assistant Secretary of War during World War II, and in 1947became president of the World Bank. He resigned in 1949 and was . military governor and high commissioner. Kai Bird is the co-author with Martin J. McCloy-the poor boy who climbed the heights of Wall Street, counseled presidents, and reached the very citadel of diplomacy and business

The first complete biography of the ultimate self-made American aristocrat, John J.

The biography of an ultimate self-made aristocrat tells how a poor kid from Philadelphia climbed to the highest rungs of the world's legal, corporate, diplomatic, and political ladders. 12,500 first printing.
Frosha
Well, this was quite an interesting read. Mr. Bird did a good job of describing these Establishment men of "yore" as being representative of both the positives and the negatives of human nature, otherwise known as the duality of man. On the one hand they are to be congratulated for getting good educations, working hard and enhancing America's economy and security in a myriad of ways throughout the course of the 20th Century. On the other hand they all seemed to be convinced of their own righteousness to the point of omnipotence. That arrogance (which bordered on megalomania) seems to be a defining characteristic of this group and Mr. Bird gives us plenty of historical examples to support it. From the illegal internment of Japanese Americans during WWII and Mr. McCloy's infamous statement regarding the U.S. Constitution as being a "...mere scrap of paper..." , to the representation of American Corporations to the detriment of stockholders and the public alike to the overthrows of foreign governments it is pretty clear that these guys did a good deal of harm as well as good in the pursuit of the Establishment's interests. They proclaimed themselves to be Christians whose primary concern was service to the nation but Mr. Bird provides us with ample evidence to support a contrary view as well. Indeed, a convincing case could be made that they were racists and anti-Semites who served themselves and their elitist clientele to the exclusion of all others and to the detriment of the masses of the people world-wide. This would be indicative of a totalitarian world view that has nothing to do with Christian or democratic values and it could further be argued that the enemies that have been created as a direct result of it are now seeking to avenge themselves upon us within the parameters of the War on Terror. Of course, in the interest of fairness all of these proposed negatives must be viewed through the lense of the times in which these men lived as well as with the realities of 20/20 hindsight in mind and this is where the author does an outstanding job of bringing to bear the cause and effect relationships inherent to past actions verses modern day realities within the parameters of this thought provoking work.
Dogrel
John McCloy will be remembered in history because of the McCloy Zorin Agreement on ending the Cold War. He was John Kennedy's envoy in negotiating the pact that the UN General Assembly endorsed unanimously. JFK paid for that with his life a year later but the most comprehensive disarmament agreement ever negotiated remains as his legacy. It can still be revived if ever the world comes to its senses
Delagamand
This is an excellent history about one of those people who, while not widely known as a historical figure, was one of the most influential Americans of the 20th Century. If you are interested in WW II and/or the Cold War, and the inner workings of Washington, I highly recommend this book for you.
Wizard
great research
Burisi
Very important.
Uris
This was a meticulously researched and documented biography of whom John Galbreath called the "Chairman" of the establishment. I just did not get what I was looking for. Of all the achievements and positions held by McCloy, it seemed to me that Bird did not elaborate to the lengths I was looking for, particularly the "Johnson Commission" investigation of the Coup D'etat on November 22, 1963. It appears he was instumental in winning WW Two and the creation of the police state. He did some wonderful things, such as helping to integrate the military. But for all of his accomplishments, first name basis with every president, king, banker, diplomat and atttorney in the World, Bird does not dwell on the ramifications of the decisions McCloy made with respect to the police state. In sum, McCloy seemed more interested in protecting the Nation, despite what constitional losses that were lost. I admire his stance on controlling nuclear energy. He made that a priority from the decision to bomb Japan, to serving on numerous commissions to controll the proliferation of these weapons of mass destruction. His defense of the Shah of Iran proved to be a horrendous decision for this country and he, Rockefeller and Kissinger bear the responsibility for the hostage crisis in 1979. He also was way to supportive of the Viet Nam debacle. I walked away with the sense he was more concerned with maintaining the aristocractic institutions than fairness and equality. He certainly had a sense of an "elitist" class that was far superior to the working man. Overall he had successes and failures. Certainly a man who influenced several generations of Americans and Europeans. I would recommend this book for anyone interested in our history, particularly from the 1930's-1980.
Cerekelv
American history in much of the 20th century on points of international business, war and the national security state is reflected in this biography of a man who went literally from the wrong side of the tracks in Philadelphia to the pinnacle of the power structures in the USA.
This is an important figure in history. It's a shame the book glorified him rather than demystified him. It does not explain where his power came from or how it was used.